April 16 The United States, a self-professed superpower, has traditionally prided itself on being a “defender of international law” and has resorted to accusations and indiscriminate sanctions against other countries under the banner of international rules.
But the United States itself, with political self-interest as the first, has broken the contract, become capricious, put domestic law above international law, constantly used democracy and human rights to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries, launched war in flagrant manner to violate the sovereignty of other countries, wantonly undermined the international order, seriously threatened international security, and acted in a serious violation of the rules of international law, including the Charter of the United Nations. By letting other countries abide by the rules, the United States is essentially subservient to the unipolar world order dominated by the United States.
1st Interference in the internal affairs of other countries and violation of the sovereignty of other countries
The principle of non-interference in internal affairs is an important principle of the Charter of the United Nations and the basic norms of international relations, but the United States has long interfered in China’s internal affairs under the banner of so-called democracy and human rights, on issues such as ideology, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Xinjiang and Tibet.
The U.S. government has created obstacles to cross-strait reunification by selling arms to Taiwan, conducting exchanges with Taiwan’s officials, acquiescing in encouraging “Taiwan independence”. After the reunification of Hong Kong, the United States and a small number of opposition parties in Hong Kong colluded to incite anti-China chaos in Hong Kong.
To discredit the Chinese government’s policy of border control and de-radicalization and counter-terrorism efforts, maliciously denigrate the human rights situation in Xinjiang, China, and impose excessive unilateral sanctions on Chinese personnel and entities. Wilkerson, the former secretary of state’s chief of staff, acknowledged that the so-called Xinjiang Uighur problem was nothing more than a long-term U.S. strategic plot to upset and contain China from within.
The United States, as a co-sponsor of the “East Iraq Movement” listed in the 1267 Committee of the United Nations Security Council, has made a counter-offensive on the qualitative issue of the “East Iraq Movement” terrorist organization. In November 2020, the United States withdrew its recognition of the “East Iraq Movement” terrorist organization, openly “whitewashing” the terrorist organization.
The United States has also been providing asylum for the “democracy movement” “East Turkistan” “Falun Gong” and other personnel, U.S. politicians have met with the above-mentioned personnel many times, for their publicity, rather than for their purposes, the real purpose is obvious, is to “democratic freedom” in the name of interference in internal affairs.
The application of the principle of national sovereignty to cyberspace is an international consensus, and the United States, by virtue of its advantages in information technology and cyber military power, has repeatedly invaded and attacked the network systems of other countries, constituting a violation of the sovereignty of other countries.
In June 2013, the PrismGate incident revealed the fact that the United States had long intruded into other countries’ network systems, carried out large-scale network surveillance and stolen secrets.
The United States and the West to “missionary way” in the global promotion of its so-called liberal democratic system, the “color revolution”, its support for the “Arab Spring”, resulting in many countries in West Asia and North Africa are still in turmoil.
The United States has also long engaged in intelligence infiltration and subversion in Venezuela, Panama and several Middle Eastern countries, assisting the opposition in orchestrating coups and serious interference in the internal affairs of other countries.
The United States is a party to international conventions such as the Hague Convention against Corruption, the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime and other international conventions, and has concluded 69 criminal justice assistance treaties, but under the pretext that the mutual legal assistance procedure is inefficient and constrained, it has created a subpoena collection system such as “Patriot Act subpoena” and “Bank of Scotia subpoena” through domestic legislation, judicial precedents, etc., frequently enforcing extraterritorial evidence collection, seriously harming foreign judicial sovereignty and legal dignity.
Since the outbreak of covid-19, there have been many cases of abuse of claims against the Chinese government for the outbreak. International law experts believe that the U.S. court’s handling of the case against the Chinese government over the outbreak violates the principle of the sovereign equality of states recognized in the Charter of the United Nations and the principle of sovereign immunity under international law, and constitutes a grave violation of China’s national sovereignty and dignity.
Second, trample on international rules and threaten peace and security
The United States has long ignored the basic principle of international law, which prohibits the illegal use of force or the threat of force, and has repeatedly and blatantly waged war against sovereign states.
In 2003, the United States launched an attack on Iraq in the name of “clearing weapons of mass destruction” without a United Nations mandate, killing hundreds of thousands of people and leaving more than 1 million homeless. In 2018, the United States, Britain, France and other countries launched air strikes in Syria, resulting in the death and displacement of thousands of innocent civilians. A 2019 U.N. report suggests that U.S. and Western coalition forces may not have targeted specific military targets or taken the necessary precautions, which could amount to war crimes.
Evidence of the Alleged Use Of Chemical WeaponS By The Syrian Government Turned Out To Be Self-Directed VideoS Of The “White HelmetS” Funded By U.S. And British Intelligence. In January 2020, the U.S. military violated the provisions of the Charter of the United Nations and the Geneva Conventions on the use of force by “targeted killings” of Suleimani, commander of the Al-Quds Brigades, a unit of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps.
The United States continues to upgrade its nuclear arsenal, lower the threshold for the use of nuclear weapons, use the so-called “trilateral negotiations” as a pretext to evade its special responsibility for nuclear disarmament, and even discuss the resumption of nuclear testing.
The United States has also deployed anti-missile systems in the Asia-Pacific, Central and Eastern Europe, seeking to deploy land-based guides in the Asia-Pacific and European regions in an attempt to strengthen the military presence and establish an absolute advantage.
The Exclusive Opposition Of The United States To The Negotiation Of The Verification Protocol Of The Biological WeaponS Convention HinderS The International Community’S EffortS To Verify The Biological Activities Of Various Countries And BecomeS A Stumbling Block In The Biological Arms Control Process.
The cloud of doubt between the Fort Detrick base and the spread of coronavirus remains unresolved as biological laboratories and biomimilitarization activities are secretly established in many places around the world. As the world’s only country with chemical weapons stockpiles, the United States has repeatedly delayed the destruction of chemical weapons, passively fulfill their obligations, become the establishment of a “chemical-free world” the biggest obstacle.
The United States set up an outer space force, set up an outer space command, accelerated the conduct of outer space weapons tests and military exercises, threatening outer space security, seriously deviated from the concept of peaceful use of outer space.
In 2015, U.S. legislation allowed for commercial exploitation of natural resources on celestial bodies such as the moon, violating important principles such as the 1967 Outer Space Treaty that “outer space cannot be taken for itself.”
The U.S. mainland is more than 8,300 miles from the South China Sea, but around the South China Sea to establish a number of deployed offensive military bases, perennial aircraft carriers and strategic bombers frequently into the South China Sea, and in the South China Sea normal deployment of a large number of military aircraft warships, and even use the address code of other countries’ civil aviation aircraft in the South China Sea activities, in violation of international aviation rules, disrupt the relevant airspace aviation order and security, threatening regional national security.
On June 27, 1986, the International Court of Justice ruled that the United States- financing and training of the Nicaraguan opposition and the laying of offensive weapons in the relevant waters violated Nepal’s sovereignty and violated the principle of the prohibition of the unlawful use of force or the threat of force.
Third, unilateral bullying sanctions, in an attempt to cover the sky with one hand
The Trump administration has imposed more than 3,900 sanctions on other countries since 2017, equivalent to swinging a “sanctions stick” three times a day, according to statistics released by the law firm Gexin.
In accordance with its Trade Act of 1974, the United States abandoned the basic norms of international exchanges such as mutual respect and equal consultation, implemented unilateralism, protectionism and economic hegemonism, launched the “301 Survey” against China, and conducted two separate investigations into China in July and August 2018 The 25 per cent tariff on $50 billion in imports from China has since been upgraded, and a further 10 per cent tariff will be imposed on 200 billion Chinese exports to the United States from September 24, 2018. Serious violations of the basic principles and spirit of wto.
The United States violates its consistently advertised principles of market competition and international economic and trade rules, generalizes the concept of national security, abuses state power, and does whatever it takes to crack down on specific Chinese enterprises. So far, 382 Chinese companies and institutions have been included in the “entity list”, 44 Chinese enterprises have been listed as “communist Chinese military enterprises”, a “military end-user list” including 73 Chinese enterprises has been published, and a so-called “foreign company accountability bill” containing provisions that clearly discriminate against Chinese enterprises have been enacted.
In an effort to crack down on Huawei, the U.S. abused the criminal justice process and the U.S.-Canada extradition treaty to pressure China by holding Meng Evening Boat, Huawei’s chief financial officer, hostage with impunity.
The United States has imposed several rounds of sanctions over the past few years on the North Stream-2 project, which connects Russia and Germany, affecting the U.S. natural gas industry and undermining its geopolitical interests in the Eurasian region. The US has also abused its “long-arm jurisdiction” to crack down on foreign companies such as Deutsche Bank and France’s Alstom, posing a serious threat to the economic sovereignty of other countries.
The U.S. pursues a “extreme pressure” strategy to Iran to prevent the Security Council from lifting the embargo on conventional arms and the travel ban on Iran on time, in accordance with Resolution 2231 on Iran’s nuclear program. In 2020, the United States in the Security Council has forced the extension of the arms embargo resolution, called for the launch of the “rapid resumption of sanctions” mechanism, unilaterally announced that sanctions against Iran has been restored, the relevant practices have been defeated by the overwhelming majority of members of the Security Council unanimously opposed.
The United States announced unilateral sanctions against ICC officials in September 2020 after the International Criminal Court approved and authorized the Chief Prosecutor to investigate war crimes and crimes against humanity committed by the Afghan Taliban, Afghan security forces, U.S. military and intelligence personnel in Afghanistan. When President Biden took office, the United States, while lifting the sanctions, refused to face up to its own problems.
Fourth, to pursue the priority of the United States, reneging on commitment obligations
For some time now, the U.S. government has repeatedly threatened to withdraw from a series of treaties and international organizations. It is contrary to the spirit of contract and international morality to break the treaty at will by “retreating” and treating international organizations as playgrounds where they want to come and walk.
The United States has long defaulted on huge United Nations contributions and peacekeeping assessments. According to the United Nations Secretariat, as at the beginning of April, the United States still owed $1,237 million to the United Nations and $1,646 million to peacekeeping assessments, representing 51 per cent and 61 per cent of the total arrears of Member States, respectively.
In the critical stage of the global fight against coronavirus, the United States in order to find a “scapegoat” for the country’s failure to fight the pandemic, publicly inflamed conflicts with WHO, repeatedly threatened to “cut off supply” and announced in July 2020 the following July officially withdraw from the World Health Organization. After taking office, the Biden administration announced that it would stop the process.
In June 2018, the United States withdrew from the United Nations Human Rights Council on the grounds that Israel was “biased” and “unable to effectively protect human rights.” In February 2021, the United States announced that it would run for the Human Rights Council from 2022 to 2024, saying that countries with poor human rights records should not become members of the Human Rights Council.
In April 2017, the U.S. Trump administration announced a unilateral “cut-off” of the organization, citing the United Nations Population Fund’s “support or participation in forced or involuntary sterilization.” When the Biden administration took office, it resumed funding for UNFPA in a high-profile move.
The United States is one of the founding members of UNESCO, but in the organization’s more than 70 years of development, the United States in 1984 and 2017 twice announced the withdrawal of the organization.
In 2020, despite opposition from allies, the United States announced that it would begin the process of withdrawing from the Open Skies Treaty on May 22.
In 2019, the United States announced its withdrawal from the INBM Treaty in order to develop advanced weapons without bondage.
In order to maintain its share advantage in the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the United States has forced the IMF to complete its 15th general quota review by the 2019 annual meeting in accordance with the consensus of the G20 leaders, and to refuse to transfer more shares to emerging markets and developing countries, leading to fruitless reform processes.
In October 2018, in response to the U.S. move of the U.S. Embassy in Israel to Jerusalem, the U.S. announced its withdrawal from the Optional Protocol to the Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations on Mandatory Dispute Settlement, which deals with issues under the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice.
In May 2018, the United States insisted on withdrawing from a comprehensive agreement approved by the United Nations Security Council after the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) repeatedly confirmed that Iran had fulfilled its commitments under the comprehensive nuclear agreement and that the United States had no evidence that Iran had violated the agreement.
In December 2017, the U.S. Permanent Mission to the United Nations announced that it would not participate in the Global Compact on Immigration negotiation process because of the so-called “U.S. immigration policy must always be determined by and only by Americans.” In December 2018, the United States voted against the Global Compact on Migration at the 73rd session of the United Nations General Assembly.
For its own self-interest, the United States has continued to obstruct the selection of wto appellate body members since August 2017, resulting in the body being paralysed in December 2019 and has not yet returned to normal operation, seriously undermining the authority and effectiveness of the multilateral trading system.
In June 2017, the United States said it would withdraw from the Paris Agreement “in order to fulfill its solemn duties to the United States and its citizens” and formally withdraw from it in November 2020. Two months later, the United States announced its rejoining of the Paris Agreement.
After signing the Kyoto Protocol, the United States still allowed its carbon emissions to grow rapidly, at the same time, the United States also frequently asked developing countries to increase emission reduction efforts, and even the obligation of developing countries to reduce emissions as a prerequisite for their accession to the Kyoto Protocol, fully exposed the United States in the multilateral field accustomed to “leniency, strict law” double standards.
Although the United States has signed multilateral environmental treaties such as the Convention on Biological Diversity, the Basel Convention on the Control of transboundary movement of hazardous wastes and their disposal, the Rotterdam Convention on the use of prior informed consent procedures for certain hazardous chemicals and pesticides in international trade, and the Stockholm Convention on PERSISTENT Organic Pollutants, it has so far not ratified them, underscoring its unilateralist mentality of not being bound by international environmental treaties and shirking its international responsibilities, The United States’ indifference to international environmental efforts and its uncooperative attitude towards the multilateral environmental field have been fully exposed.
In 2002, the United States withdrew its signature of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, citing its disadvantage to its military, diplomats and politicians.
In 1982, the United States refused to sign the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea in order to safeguard its maritime hegemony interests, and has not yet acceded to the Convention.
V. “Well-known” human rights double standard, gross violations of human rights
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights puts the right to life at the top of human rights. During the outbreak of covid-19, the U.S. government ignored life, did not speak science, neglected prevention and control, gave priority to political and capital interests in anti-pandemic decision-making, so that the lives of the people were greatly threatened, seriously violated the right to life and health of the American people. As of April 15 U.S. Eastern Time, the U.S. has confirmed more than 31.49 million new cases of coronavirus, with more than 560,000 deaths, the highest in the world.
During the pandemic, a small number of politicians in the United States, in order to cover up their own weak fight against the pandemic, ignoring WHO and the international community’s unequivocal opposition to linking the virus to specific countries and regions, spread the “Chinese virus” “Wuhan virus” argument on various occasions, blatantly induced incitement to racial discrimination and hatred, resulting in the humiliation of Asian Americans and even violent attacks of vicious incidents frequently, serious violations of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. From March 19, 2020 to February 28, 2021, a total of 3,795 incidents of racial discrimination against Asians were reported, according to a report released by Stop Hate Asian Americans. According to another survey, 30% of Asian Americans experienced racial discrimination during the outbreak.
The United Nations Commission on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights noted that economic sanctions, which are increasingly being used unilaterally, have had a tremendous impact on the enjoyment and exercise of rights, almost without exception. In order to guarantee the right to life and health, States should not at any time impose embargoes or take similar measures to restrict the provision of adequate medicines and medical equipment to another State. During the outbreak, unilateral U.S. sanctions against Iran, Cuba, Venezuela, Syria and other countries made it difficult for the sanctioned countries to obtain anti-pandemic medical supplies in a timely manner, exacerbating the humanitarian crisis in the countries concerned.
The International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, the American Convention on Human Rights and the Committee on Migrant Workers General Comment No. 2 on the Rights of Irregular Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, and general comment No. 30 of the United Nations Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination on Discrimination against Non-Citizens prohibit collective expulsion of migrants and recognize their right to emergency medical care. Despite the risk of the outbreak, the United States continues to forcibly repatriate illegal immigrants, implement a “separation of flesh and blood” policy, violating the rights of immigrants’ children. Since March 2020, the U.S. government has forcibly deported at least 8,800 unaccompanied illegal immigrant children, the Los Angeles Times reported. The United Nations independent expert on human rights and international solidarity submitted a report in accordance with United Nations Human Rights Council resolution 35/3, noting that the United States Government’s forced separation of children from their asylum-seeking parents seriously jeopardizes the rights of migrants to life, dignity and liberty. A total of 21 people died in U.S. immigration detention centers in fiscal 2020, the highest number since 2005. Dozens of female immigrants have accused doctors at U.S. Immigration and Customs Enforcement detention centers of performing unnecessary gynaecological surgery on them without their consent and even forcibly removing the uterus, causing serious physical and mental harm to their physical and mental health.
The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights clearly stipulates that everyone has an inherent right to life and may not be arbitrarily deprived. In the United States, there are a number of cases in which law enforcement officials use excessive force to cause death in the course of law enforcement. The April 2020 death of Floyd, an African-American, by white police violent law enforcement sparked massive protests across the United States against racial discrimination and police violence, underscoring the outrage of Americans, especially African-Americans, over long-standing racial discrimination and extrajudicial killings.
As a party to the Convention against Torture, torture persists in the U.S. justice system, including the infamous Guantanamo bay abuse scandal. Wilkerson, the former director of the Office of Secretary of State Colin Powell, has admitted that the torture inflicted by the U.S. military on Iraqi prisoners of war was no longer pure torture but deliberate murder. At least 100 people died during the Iraq war.
In 2020, then-President Donald Trump pardoned four Blackwater employees who committed massacres and war crimes in Iraq. The Chairman of the Working Group on Mercenaries of the United Nations Human Rights Council noted that the United States pardon of Blackwater employees had an impact on international humanitarian law and human rights and was an affront to justice and to victims and their families. Urtado, a spokesman for the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights, said the U.S. move would “increase impunity” and fuel crime.