In October, the coronavirus vaccine was launched in some parts of Zhejiang; in November, Sichuan began to vaccinate against the novel coronavirus against key populations; on December 8, the 90-year-old became the first coronavirus vaccinator in the United Kingdom.
How is the situation of COVID-19 vaccination around the world? People’s Daily Health Client has been sorted out.
China: Zhejiang and Sichuan have been vaccinated, and Anhui is expected to start fighting in the near future.
“There will be big news about vaccines coming in the next week or two.” On December 4, Wang Junzhi, deputy leader of the expert group of vaccine research and development in the scientific research group and academician of the Chinese Academy of Engineering, said at the 8th World Conference on the Integration of Western Medicine that “600 million inactivated vaccines will be approved for market this year.”
On October 15 this year, Zhejiang Jiaxing Center for Disease Control and Prevention issued a message saying that “key people can be urgently vaccinated against the novel coronavirus”; on the morning of October 16, Yiwu, Zhejiang Province also began to use the emergency use of the novel coronavirus vaccine;
on October 20, Zhejiang Shaoxing Municipal Health Commission issued the emergency vaccination instructions for the novel coronavirus vaccine in autumn and winter, which will promote the heavy Point guarantee objects (medical personnel, health and epidemic prevention personnel, etc.) vaccination, steadily carry out voluntary vaccination of key recommended objects (public service personnel, etc.) according to the supply situation, and arrange vaccination after registration of general objects (other groups of people who voluntarily inoculation) according to intention: vaccination is divided into two doses, the price is 40$.
Branch (bottle), a total of 400 yuan for two doses, and an additional inoculation service fee of 4.5$ per dose.
According to The Paper, on December 1, some communities in Wuhu, Anhui Province began to carry out a mapping of key targets for voluntary coronavirus vaccination within their jurisdiction, including medical personnel, health and epidemic prevention personnel, port quarantine and border inspection staff, and centralized quarantine medical observation staff.
The price of the vaccine is 40$/injection, and the total price of 2 injections is 70$.
According to Chuanguan News, Sichuan will carry out COVID-19 vaccination in three batches, namely, high-risk groups, high-risk groups and ordinary people.
At present, Sichuan has carried out emergency vaccination against COVID-19 for 12 high-risk people, which is expected to be completed within the year, covering more than 2 million people.
The second batch is high-risk groups, and vaccination is expected to be carried out early next year, and the third batch is the general population, which is expected to be vaccinated after the Spring Festival.
The vaccination is also 2 doses, and the price of emergency vaccination is 200 yuan/piece, and a small amount of vaccination service fee is charged.
Previously, Liu Fuqiang, director of the Emergency Office of the Hunan Center for Disease Control and Prevention, revealed that Hunan may be vaccinated against COVID-19 at the end of this year or the beginning of next year, and the vaccination against COVID-19 can begin at the end of the earliest.
At a press conference held by the Joint Prevention and Control Mechanism of the State Council on October 20, an expert said, “Jiangxi Province may be officially approved in December, and the masses will be able to be vaccinated against the novel coronavirus around December.”
UK: On December 8th, 90-year-old man became the first coronavirus vaccinated in the UK.
On December 8, the UK launched a large-scale coronavirus vaccination project, with about 50 hospitals providing vaccination services.
Frontline healthcare workers, seniors over 80 years old and nursing facility staff will be the first to qualify for vaccinations in hospitals.
The first vaccinated was Margaret Keenan, 90 years old.
According to Wall Street reports, on December 2, the United Kingdom was the first to approve the coronavirus vaccine developed by the pharmaceutical company Pfizer, becoming the first country in the world to approve the vaccine.
At present, the UK has ordered 40 million doses of the vaccine, and the first batch of delivery is 800,000 doses.
After becoming the first country in Europe and the United States to issue licenses for the use of coronavirus vaccines, the United Kingdom will become one of the first countries in the world to issue a large-scale vaccine.
By July, Pfizer and BioNTech had reached an agreement with the United Kingdom to provide 30 million doses of vaccine to the country once authorized for emergency use.
The agreement increased to 40 million doses in early October and will be delivered in phases in 2020 and 2021. Since Pfizer vaccine requires two doses, the above doses purchased in the UK are enough for 20 million people.
United States: Coronavirus vaccine may be vaccinated as early as December 12
According to recent reports from many U.S. media, Moncef Slaoui, head of the U.S.
COVID-19 vaccine research and development team, said that the first batch of Americans may be vaccinated as early as December 12.
U.S. public health officials have previously said that the vaccine will be distributed in stages.
In September this year, the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine issued a proposal that if a vaccine is approved for public use, it will be distributed throughout the United States.
The group said that the vaccine will be distributed in four stages, first to vulnerable groups such as health care workers and the elderly, as well as people with underlying health problems. Next is staff, teachers, tramps and prisoners, and then children and young people.
But Dr. Fauci, the top virus expert in the United States, stressed that while the vaccine can be widely used in a few months, at the same time, the country must “double down” the preventive public health measures.
Russia: The electronic application system for COVID-19 vaccination for citizens was launched on December 4.
The electronic application system for coronavirus vaccination for citizens of Moscow, Russia, was launched on December 4, and the vaccination station began to work on the 5th.
Russia’s Ministry of Industry and Trade revealed that Russia will produce 2 million doses of vaccine in the near future.
Russian Prime Minister Mishustin said that vaccination was a decisive step in the fight against the epidemic, and he asked government officials everywhere to personally direct the vaccination.
On 24 November, the official Twitter of the Russian coronavirus vaccine, Sputnik V, said the market price of the vaccine will be less than $10 per dose, and Russian citizens can get the vaccine free of charge.
The official Twitter of the “Satellite V” is Russia’s first coronavirus vaccine.
According to the official Twitter, the effective rate of the third phase of clinical trials shows that its effectiveness rate is 91.4%.
However, the director of the “Gamarea” center had previously said that 15% of the Russian people who were vaccinated against the “Satellite V” coronavirus had mild symptoms such as headaches.
Malaysia: 12.8 million doses of vaccine have been purchased to prevent COVID-19
According to My Malaysia Watch, Malaysian Prime Minister Dansrimuyuddin announced on November 27 that the Malaysian government has signed a contract with the multinational pharmaceutical company Pfizer through the Ministry of Health to buy 12.8 million doses of vaccine from the company to prevent COVID-19.
He also said that the vaccine could allow 6.4 million Malaysians to receive injections, which is equivalent to 20% of Malaysia’s population.
According to the agreement signed by the Malaysian government and Pfizer on November 24, Malaysia will receive 1 million doses of vaccine in the first quarter of 2021, another 1.7 million doses in the second quarter, 5.8 million doses and 4.3 million doses in the third and fourth quarters, respectively.
Dansrimuyudin said that the government will provide people with a free coronavirus vaccine, but recipients need to sign a voluntary agreement. According to the reports obtained, about 82% of the population has indicated that they are willing to receive vaccination.
He also said that the government is negotiating with 12 vaccine developers who have carried out the third phase of clinical testing through the “Special Committee on Access to the Supply of a CVT Vaccine” and will purchase vaccines from multiple pharmaceutical companies to ensure that there are enough vaccinations of at least 60% or 19 million people.
Japan: Free coronavirus vaccination for all citizens
Japanese media released information on September 2 that the Japanese government is considering free coronavirus vaccination for its citizens.
The goal is to ensure the number of coronavirus vaccines by the first half of 2021 and provide free coronavirus vaccination for all citizens.
It is reported that at the end of July, the Japanese government had ordered 60 million copies of the coronavirus vaccine from Pfizer.
On August 7, Japan’s Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare reached an agreement with AstraZeneca Pharmaceuticals to order more than 100 million doses of AstraZeneca’s coronavirus vaccine to ensure the number of vaccines for all next year.
Due to the limited supply of vaccines, vaccination will initially be given to the elderly and medical staff, pregnant women and other groups, and then extended to all people.
All costs will be borne by the government, whether it is a priority or not.