Since the outbreak of the novel coronavirus, the global political, economic, social and other aspects have been hit significantly.
In 2021, measures such as large-scale vaccination brought dawn to pandemic control, but risks such as viral variant’s continue to surge, bringing new uncertainties and tests to the world.
Under the pandemic examination, it is more necessary to strengthen international solidarity and cooperation.
The COVID-19 pandemic is still spreading in many countries, and the turning point of the global fight against the pandemic is difficult.
The pandemic in the United States is the worst, with a cumulative death toll exceeding 400,000. New President Biden said on the 22nd that the death toll from the coronavirus in the United States is expected to reach 600,000.
Variable viruses with higher transmission rates have been found in the United Kingdom and other places, and many countries have upgraded pandemic prevention measures.
Although many vaccines have been developed and put into use, due to the lower production capacity of some Western pharmaceutical companies, rich countries rush to hoard vaccines, “vaccine nationalism” has risen, and the equitable distribution of global coronavirus vaccines is facing challenges.
The continued spread of the pandemic poses a global risk that may trigger or deepen other social and economic crises.
The World Economic Forum released the Global Risk Report 2021, pointing out that the pandemic has exacerbated the gap between rich and poor and social polarization, deepened the health, economic and digital divide, and may increase geopolitical tensions in the next 5 to 10 years.
In its report “Top Ten World’s Top Ten Risks in the World in 2021”, the U.S. political risk consulting firm, listed “the long-term continuation of the coronavirus pandemic” as the second largest risk, after “the political division of the United States”. And the interaction and development of the two major risks of the pandemic and the political division of the United States may bring more new crises in the global economy, debt, geopolitics and other aspects.
The coronavirus pandemic has brought climate change to a new perspective.
In his report “World 2021 – Ten Themes in International Relations”, Edward Soler Lecha, a researcher at the Center for International Affairs in Barcelona, Spain, believes that the movement and consumption patterns of people in the pandemic have become more low-carbon, and the fight against the pandemic may be seen as a response to the climate crisis. Try.
The 26th United Nations Climate Change Conference will be held in November, and the international community will usher in a new opportunity to work together again to deal with climate change.
The coronavirus pandemic has swept the globe, but the world in 2021 is still experiencing or brewing all kinds of conflicts. The pandemic will add many humanitarian tragedies to some conflicts and disputes.
In predicting “10 conflicts worth paying attention to in 2021”, the U.S. Foreign Policy website listed conflict risk points such as Afghanistan, Yemen, Libya, Iran-United States relations and so on. T
aking Yemen as an example, the article pointed out that the war in Yemen has become the worst humanitarian disaster in the eyes of the United Nations, and the COVID-19 pandemic has exacerbated the suffering of Yemeni civilians suffering from poverty, hunger and disease.
The coronavirus pandemic has had a great impact on the world economy, and the United States and many other countries have introduced large-scale monetary easing and fiscal stimulus plans.
Recently, the United States announced an economic rescue plan totaling 1.9 trillion US dollars. Jim Rogers, a well-known investor in the United States, predicts the unprecedented number of banknotes printed by the Federal Reserve is “the biggest risk in 2021”.
In addition, the pandemic has accelerated the implementation of digital currency.
The Bank for International Settlements said that 80% of the world’s central banks are studying the feasibility of creating their own digital currencies.
Kenneth Rogov, former chief economist of the International Monetary Fund, pointed out that the implementation of digital currency is related to global financial stability and information control.
On January 13, the Moscow State Institute of International Relations released the report International Threat – Geopolitics after the pandemic in 2021, pointing out that the main area of international competition this year is the research and development of the novel coronavirus vaccine, resulting in the phenomenon of “politicization of vaccines”.
The World Economic Forum also pointed out in the Global Risk Report 2021 that the coronavirus pandemic has intensified competition among major powers.
The report said that as some alliances weaken, international relations will become more unstable in the confrontation of major powers, and the pandemic has weakened traditional diplomacy of face-to-face communication, and unstable trends may become more prominent.
The COVID-19 pandemic has triggered a global crisis, exposing many fragile links in global and national governance systems.
The pandemic is superimposed with unilateralism, climate change, food security, cross-border crime, terrorist activities and other factors, bringing unprecedented challenges to world peace and development.
In the face of major crises, no country can be alone, and the need for solidarity and cooperation among countries is particularly urgent.
The importance of adhering to multilateralism and cooperating to meet challenges is more obvious than ever.
Uniting the fight against the pandemic is the first task facing the international community.
The COVID-19 pandemic has had a huge impact on global trade, logistics, industrial chain and supply chain, but it is under the impact of the pandemic that interconnection is more necessary.
Belt And Road
Interconnection is the main line of the joint construction of the Belt and Road Initiative.
In the current pandemic situation, the Belt and Road Initiative cooperation is moving against the trend and showing strong resilience.
China continues to promote the in-depth connection between the Belt and Road Initiative and the development strategies of various countries, help interconnection and resume work and production, and tap new economic momentum such as life and health, digital economy and green development, which will inject more confidence and hope into the world economic recovery.