How to start and how to start in 2021 is crucial. It is crucial whether the world can get out of the gloom of the pandemic and reverse the recession. Seizing the critical year and rebuilding trust of all parties”, which is the theme of the World Economic Forum’s “Davos Agenda” dialogue, reflecting the clear awareness of the urgency of cooperation to meet global challenges. It is urgent for the international community to rebuild trust among all parties, adhere to and promote inclusive multilateralism, form various bilateral, multilateral and global coordination and communication mechanisms of mutual respect and cooperation, and improve global governance capacity.
In the current social context of globalization risk, the importance of national collective action and international cooperation capabilities is becoming more and more prominent. Globalization is the driving force of modernization and the process of shaping a global risk society. Globalization is tortuously moving forward in the process of constantly responding to various risks. There have been two world wars since the 20th century, and there have been many “global pandemics”.
The global pandemic of COVID-19 has amplified and intensified the inherent contradictions in the international system, accelerated the existing change situation, and increased the risk of the system from quantitative to qualitative change, revealing that human beings are living in a “high-risk, volatile and more fragile” social and ecological complex system. At the same time It enlightens us to “live in an interconnected and solidarity of the global village”.
With the advent of the global risk society, the systemic risks of globalization have increased significantly, and the role of national collective action capabilities in the process of risk prevention and crisis response is becoming more and more prominent. Different anti-pandemic programs in East Asia, Europe and the United States show the different political, economic structures and sociocultural foundations of each country. In particular, the strong governance ability of East Asian countries and regions and the respect they have received from the people, the collectivist quality of the people and the resulting social discipline have made them great success in fighting the pandemic, fully demonstrating the ability to make decision-making, social mobilization ability, multi-party coordination and international cooperation ability.
The global risk society needs to take the common interests of mankind as the value trend, establish a sense of community of human destiny, adhere to the holistic thinking, advocate the value concept with a global holistic vision and practical rational foundation, pay attention to common security, attach importance to management security, and jointly promote the construction of lasting peace, universal security, A world that is prosperous, open and inclusive.
The biggest challenge of globalization stems from national policies and requires countries to balance internal and external governance capabilities. Economic power and national political leadership are not always consistent in the process of globalization. Globalization has an important impact on the operation and patterns of social, economic and political organizations of various countries. On the one hand, global problems are far from being solved by mono-ethnic countries.
The formation of a new globalized power system makes it necessary for countries to interact and cooperate with various forces at the global level. On the other hand, governance within countries in the economic, social and other fields has become more diversified and complex. In the traditional sense, nation-states and its Political power is facing a new background and positioning, and it is inevitable to improve governance ability and governance level.
National capacity will still play an important role in the post-pandemic era. It requires strengthening the effectiveness of the government, better controlling the widen income distribution gap caused by imbalances between capital and other factors in globalization in various countries by coordinating domestic and foreign policies, and effectively making up for market and social deficiencies.
In the interaction between domestic governance and global governance, we should improve the ability of social, market and government forces to govern collaboratively, fully display their positive functions on the basis of clearly demarcating various power boundaries, promote the modernization of decision-making mechanisms and administrative implementation systems, and build an effective market, promising government and orderly society. Pattern.
Multilateralism is an effective way to maintain peace and promote development. In the post-pandemic era, the international community urgently needs to form a new consensus on international multilateral cooperation that conforms to the trend of the times and reflects fairness and justice. It needs more high-quality regional and international multilateralism institutions, establish a global multilateral cooperation infrastructure, and improve regional and global governance mechanisms.
We will firmly safeguard the international system with the United Nations at its core, unite and integrate various forces of the international community, and achieve the overall coordination of the global governance system to effectively respond to global affairs.
In today’s complex and interdependent world, countries, especially the major countries, need to seek interest interests in security matters such as health and security, environmental security, data security and social security. Under the premise of mutual respect for each other’s social differences and different governance styles, they need to form a clear problem-oriented cooperation and increase Global public goods supply power.
In the process of transforming the global governance mechanism, respect the different historical, realistic and cultural differences of countries, shape the networking and inclusiveness of multilateralism, increase the flexibility of global governance, and give countries fuller policy space and freedom.
The Dutch economic historian Pierre Frith said in The State, Economy and the Great Diversion: “It is institutions that determine the products of modern history, not natural forces such as climate and geography, let alone disease outbreaks.” The current international order based on sovereign states fundamentally determines that national governments are the ultimate responsible for solving public problems at home and abroad, and the future destiny of mankind depends on politicians with historical responsibilities.
The only force of change in today’s world is the power of reform. Adhere to and carry forward multilateralism and promote the reform and reconstruction of the global governance system are the general trend, and it is also the inevitable way to strive for a better future in an uncertain world.