On the 20th local time, the 75th anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials, Germany held a commemorative event at the famous Nuremberg Trial Hall, 600. German President Steinmeier said in his speech that this great trial of justice for the countries and people who suffered World War II was “a revolution that rewrites world history”.
Steinmeier said at the event: “At that time, Germany was experiencing unprecedented material and moral disasters; under the pressure of evil and destruction, the law had long been reduced to ruins.” He pointed out that before the Nuremberg Trials, the subject of international law was the state, not the individual.
Moreover, this is also the first time that a large-scale trial and severe punishment have been carried out at the top of a country’s political circles for aggressive plans and crimes against humanity. It is of groundbreaking historical significance, indicating that heads of state and government officials who have committed international crimes are no longer able to exploit the loopholes in international law and enjoy immunity. .
Steinmeier believes that the Nuremberg Trials have had an extremely important impact on the subsequent definition of crimes under international law, and promoted the establishment of a just international order based on rules and laws. He said that although the trial did not come late until the cold war and the process was extremely difficult, there was no doubt that without it, there would not be the current International Tribunal in The Hague.
On November 20, 1945, the United States, the Soviet Union, Britain and France established the European International Military Tribunal in Nuremberg, Germany, and began to settle the heinous crimes committed by German fascism against humanity.
Twenty-four major war criminals, including the second figure of the Nazi regime and Marshal Hermann Göring of the Luftwaffe, were tried. After 218 days of long trial, 10 of them were eventually put on the rack. Seven people were sentenced to life or imprisonment.