Azerbaijan and Armenia have more than a month since the conflict broke out in the Naka region on September 27 this year. During this period, the two sides have reached a humanitarian ceasefire agreement three times under the mediation of Russia, France, and the United States.
However, after the ceasefire agreement came into effect, the two sides continued to accuse each other of breaking the ceasefire and launching attacks, and denied allegations of breaking the ceasefire.
On October 29, local time, Russian President Vladimir Putin stated at the plenary meeting of the “Russia Is Calling” Investment Forum that both parties to the conflict have their own reasons, and the Naka region issue is intertwined and complicated.
The conflict between the two sides originated from ethnic conflicts, but the Soviet leadership did not take any effective measures in time to ensure the safety of the people, which eventually led the Armenian people to take up arms.
Putin pointed out that only by balancing the interests of all parties can the Naka situation be resolved. The first stage to be resolved is to stop hostilities, prevent deaths and injuries, and sit at the negotiating table to discuss the proposals put forward by all parties, including the OSCE statement.
Russia, France, the United States, Turkey, and some European countries, the co-chairs of the Minsk Group and the Minsk Group, participated in the proposal to seek consensus and balance of interests. This can be done right now.
On the same day, Armenian Foreign Minister Mnatsakanyan stated in an interview with RIA Novosti that the OSCE Minsk Group is the only way to resolve the Naka crisis. Joint cooperation on October 10 and thereafter on October 17 and 25. The statement is sufficient to prove this.
In addition, Iran is a very important country in the region. Unlike Turkey, Iran takes a responsible and constructive stance in the regional peace and security situation.
Armenia does not advocate Turkish intervention, because Turkey is not an impartial participant. Turkey sees this conflict as an opportunity to extend its influence to another neighboring region, the South Caucasus.
It should resist, rather than encourage, this policy of using conflict to expand its power and causing huge disasters to the people in the region.
At the same time, Azerbaijani Foreign Minister Bairamov said in an interview that Iran is not a member of the OSCE Minsk team and its participation in mediating the Naqqa conflict must be approved by both parties.
The participation of Turkey in mediation is in line with international law, including the “Helsinki Final Act.” Turkey supports the territorial integrity of Azerbaijan within its internationally recognized scope, which is a key factor for regional peace, security and stability.
On the 29th, the spokesperson of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Zakharova stated that the foreign ministers of Armenia and Azerbaijan and the representatives of the OSCE Minsk team will meet in Geneva this Friday (30th).
At that time, all parties will discuss international humanitarian principles. Related issues were discussed, including the relevant agreement reached in Moscow on October 10, involving a ceasefire, exchange of prisoners of war, dead and wounded soldiers, etc.