According to the data of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, as of December 31, 2020, local time, 2.8 million Americans were vaccinated with the first dose of the novel coronavirus vaccine, which is far from the federal government’s proposal to be inoculated with 20 million doses by 2020.
The New York Times pointed out that the number of coronavirus vaccines distributed in the United States has exceeded 14 million doses, but the current use rate is only 20%.
In response, NBC commented that at the rate of vaccination, it will take about a decade for the United States to get the epidemic under control.
Lack of resources in medical institutions and slow vaccination speed
According to the analysis of the American media, the main reason for the slow vaccination is the fragmentation of the federal and local governments and the lack of overall arrangements.
The federal government is only responsible for the transportation of vaccines, but entrusts the heavy distribution and vaccination tasks to local governments.
“The government’s arrangement that is not reasonable, giving local health officials and hospitals overall responsibility for vaccinations, leaving the hardest work to the group of people with the least resources and the most incompetent,” said Ashish Ja, dean of the School of Public Health at Brown University.
In the face of the surging COVID-19 epidemic, local medical institutions in various states of the United States have long been exhausted, and there is a serious shortage of medical staff. Now they are unable to distribute and vaccinate.
Local health departments have been hiring people to help distribute vaccines, said Travis Gales, a Montana County health official.
“We are going to go on vaccinations while continuing to respond to the testing, tracking and treatment of COVID-19 cases.”
Currently, Maryland has only 17 percent of the vaccines that have been issued, and Gov.
Larry Hogan attributed the slow process to the federal government’s lack of logistical and financial support for local health departments.
Texas Gov. Greg Abbott said that there were plenty of vaccines in the state, but the distribution and vaccinations were not fast enough, because the surge in COVID-19 cases had pushed hospitals to the limit.
“The majority of Texas vaccines are still stored in hospitals and are not handed over to the public.”
At the same time, the U.S. media also pointed out that it is the Christmas and New Year holidays recently, and a large number of employees take vacations and rests are also one of the reasons for the slow vaccination.
In addition, medical personnel are still learning how to properly store and inject vaccines, which requires a process.
62% of the American population is unwilling to get the first vaccination.
The acceptance of the vaccine in the United States has also slowed down the promotion of the coronavirus vaccine.
WHO made it clear that vaccination rates must reach 70% to achieve herd immunity, so as to control the epidemic and protect the safety of most people.
According to the latest Pew Research Center data, about 20% of Americans say they will not be vaccinated against the novel coronavirus, and 62% say they are unwilling to get the first vaccine.
At present, the first batch of vaccinations in the United States is medical personnel, nursing home elderly, front-line workers, etc., but relevant data show that except for the high acceptance of vaccines by older people over 65 years old, the alarmingly high proportion of other groups rejecting vaccines.
A recent survey by the Kaiser Family Foundation found that 29% of health care workers were reluctant to get the vaccine because of concerns about potential side effects and a lack of confidence in the government to ensure vaccine safety.
About 60 percent of the state’s nursing home workers refused to get vaccinated, Gov.
Mike DeVine said at a press conference last Wednesday; Kim Saruatari, head of public health in Riverside County, California, said on Thursday that about 50% of front-line workers in Riverside County refused to get vaccinated; U.S. A survey of 2,053 New York City firefighters by the Firefighters Association found that more than half of firefighters said they refused to be vaccinated.
In addition, another Pew Research Center poll showed that African-Americans have the highest level of suspicion about vaccines, with less than 43% of people of African descent saying they may be vaccinated.
According to Forbes, the vast majority of frontline workers in the United States are African-American and Hispanics, and the coronavirus pandemic has caused huge losses to these ethnic groups, with their deaths accounting for about 65% of the total number of deaths in the United States.
The New York Times pointed out that the unwillingness of African descent to accept vaccines is a direct result of the lack of attention paid to African descent in the U.S. health care system.
“Pharmaceutical companies, research companies, and even governments, have not disclosed how many African-Americans and Latino people have participated in vaccine trials,” said Nikila Yuvwadi, chief clinician at Loreto Hospital in Chicago.
That said, there is no data on how safe the coronavirus vaccine is for these ethnic groups.
Cases of vaccine allergic reactions occur frequently in the United States
On January 1, 2021 local time, an Oregon medical staff was hospitalized after a serious allergic reaction to the Modner coronavirus vaccine, which is the latest case of adverse reactions to the American people after vaccination.
On December 24, 2020, a doctor in Boston developed severe allergic reactions after being vaccinated against Modena, including dizziness, lower blood pressure and a spike in heart rate.
A health care worker develops a severe allergic reaction after being vaccinated against Pfizer against the coronavirus on December 23, 2020.
Looking back, three medical staff in Alaska developed different allergic symptoms such as dyspnea, swollen tongue and hoarseness 10 minutes after vaccination.
Health experts point out that vaccines may cause mild to moderate side effects, including pain and swelling in the arm, fever, chills, fatigue and headaches, which are normal reactions, and that allergic reactions are considered serious only when epinephrine is needed or must be sent to the hospital for treatment.
In addition to the frequent cases of vaccine allergic reactions, some vaccine-related incidents are also shocking.
According to a CBS local time report on January 1, a Wisconsin hospital worker deliberately took 57 bottles of vaccine from the pharmacy refrigerator last week, each of which could be used for 10 vaccinations, resulting in more than 500 doses of damage.
At present, the people involved have been arrested.
According to the U.S. Consumer News and Business Channel (CNBC), medical staff of the Boone County Health Bureau in West Virginia mistakenly injected 42 people with coronavirus drugs as a vaccine last Wednesday.
The United States has encountered many problems more than half a month since the launch of the coronavirus vaccine.
Public health officials say that the next vaccination will face more challenges, including how to vaccinate the majority of elderly Americans, young people with health problems and front-line workers against the novel coronavirus, and how to arrange their vaccination schedules for these people. About, how to make them provide medical status and proof of work, etc.
“In the next phase, we’ll encounter more barriers at the same time, which will be in front of a wall, and we need to address them quickly and quickly in a short time,” said Ashish Ja, dean of Brown University School of Public Health.