In just a few days, played for many years “old opponents” attack and defense swap. The evacuation of Western diplomats, including the United States, from Kabul airport has caused chaos, while the Afghan Taliban have begun patrolling the capital.
As the situation changed significantly, the Afghan Taliban announced an “amnesty” and held their first press conference since entering the capital, Kabul, giving a number of “commitments” to form an “inclusive government”.
How will Afghanistan, after 20 years of war, face new changes?
After the announcement of the “amnesty”, the Afghan Taliban made a number of “commitments”
On August 17th Afghan Taliban spokesman Mujahid held a press conference to say the Taliban planned to form an inclusive government in Afghanistan and made a number of commitments.
Mr Mujahid said the Taliban had no intention of “liquidation” of their opponents. Earlier, the Afghan Taliban had declared an “amnesty” for all government officials and urged them to return to work.
“Those who have worked with the United States and its allies, who have translated or worked for the United States and its allies, the Taliban have promised their safety. These talented and skilled people, we want them to stay in Afghanistan and serve their country. Mujahid told a news conference.
The Afghan Taliban have said they are fully engaged in the search for a peaceful transfer of power. Mujahid said the Afghan Taliban want to establish a government with all parties involved, is willing to end the war, the situation in Kabul will “soon return to normal.” The Afghan Taliban will ensure the security of their embassies in Afghanistan and continue to maintain exchanges with other countries.
In addition, Mujahid noted that “all rights granted to women by the Islamic Code and the law will be protected” and that the media would be free to operate, but that the Afghan Taliban would not allow anyone to spread ethnic and ethnic hatred in Afghanistan.
Mujahid also said Afghanistan “will no longer be the centre of opium cultivation and the drug trade” and will use its natural resources for reconstruction.
The international community is on the sidelines
It is hoped that “the Afghan Taliban, together with many other factions, will form a government of national reconciliation.” But the question is how much the Taliban’s ideology has changed. Tao Wenxuan, a researcher at the American Institute of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, said in an interview with ChinaNews.com.
Jin Canrong, vice dean of the School of International Relations at Chinese Min University, agrees that there are many factions within the Afghan Taliban, as well as supporters of the Kabul government and other tribal forces in the country. In this case, it remains to be seen whether the Afghan Taliban can unite the factions and form a basic consensus.
Asked about Washington’s recognition of who is the leader of Afghanistan, State Department spokesman John Price replied only, “This is something we are studying with the international community.” ”
The Russian Foreign Ministry has previously said that Russia does not recognize the Afghan Taliban as the legitimate government of Afghanistan and is ready to cooperate with the Afghan transitional government.
Chinese Foreign Ministry spokeswoman Hua Chunying said China noted that the Afghan Taliban have indicated that the war in Afghanistan is over and will negotiate the establishment of an open and inclusive Islamic government and take responsible action to ensure the security of Afghan citizens and foreign missions in Afghanistan.
China looks forward to the implementation of these statements to ensure a smooth transition in the situation in Afghanistan, curb all kinds of terrorist and criminal acts, and keep the Afghan people away from the war and rebuild their beautiful homeland.
The international community is generally on the sidelines of the situation in Afghanistan. International recognition is possible if the Afghan Taliban can stabilize the situation in the country and establish a more united and moderate Government.
Is the United States accused of being a “source of chaos” and will terrorism re-rise?
For America’s allies, the US hasty withdrawal has put its credibility under further attack. Biden spoke with British Prime Minister Johnson after several days of not consulting directly with allies.
Niblett, director of the Chatham Institute, a London-research institute, said U.S. allies were angry at Biden’s announcement of the withdrawal, saying it would hurt European interests.
According to a Trafalgar poll, 69 percent of Americans disapprove of Biden’s handling of the U.S. military’s actions in Afghanistan. The latest Reuters/Ipsos poll also showed Biden’s approval rating falling to its lowest level in nearly seven months after a major change in the situation in Afghanistan.
Biden insisted that the withdrawal of U.S. troops from Afghanistan was the right decision and “dumped” the Afghan government, saying the U.S. military would not participate in a “civil war that Afghans do not want to fight.”
Tao pointed out that several U.S. presidents are responsible for the situation in Afghanistan. “George W. Bush launched the war in Iraq, making Afghanistan a secondary battleground, and when Obama took office, he said he wanted to return to the main battleground of counterterrorism, but when he withdrew from Iraq, leaving a power vacuum that led to the rise of the extremist group Islamic State, the United States had to go back,” he said. In the Trump era, the pursuit was American first. ”
The media believe that the United States is the root cause of the chaos in Afghanistan. “What happens in Afghanistan these days is just a repeat of history,” the Spanish media said. Tens of thousands of deaths and destruction in countries such as Syria and Iraq can be described as the product of “neocolonialism, violence and brutal actions” by the United States.
As a result of the situation in Afghanistan, European countries have also had to face new problems, the influx of Afghan migrants and a new haven for terrorism.