United Nations, December 22 The United Nations Security Council unanimously adopted Resolution 2559 on the 22nd, deciding to withdraw the United Nations and the African Union Mission in Darfur, Sudan (UNAMIA) after the termination of the mandate on December 31.
The resolution requires the Secretary-General of the United Nations to start the reduction of UNAMIA personnel effective 1 January 2021 and to withdraw all personnel except those required for asset liquidation by 30 June 2021.
The resolution urges the Government of the Sudan to quickly and fully implement its protection of civilians plan to protect civilians in Darfur and to cooperate with the United Nations and the African Union to guarantee the orderly and safe withdrawal of UNAMID.
The resolution also called on UNAMIC and the newly established United Nations Transition Assistance Mission in the Sudan (UNAMIS) to cooperate on the handover of relevant work through the coordination mechanism between the two missions.
The Darfur region is located in western Sudan. Since 2003, some armed groups in the region have clashed with government forces. In July 2007, the United Nations Security Council authorized the deployment of UNAMID in Darfur to support the implementation of the peace agreement and the safety of civilians, United Nations personnel and international humanitarian relief personnel.
In June this year, the Council decided to establish UNAMIC as a successor arrangement to the peacekeeping force, with the mandate to assist during the political transition in the Sudan, including providing technical support for the drafting of the constitution
Conduct of the census and elections; helping to advance the peace process in the Sudan; helping to build peace and the rule of law and protecting civilians; and mobilizing The parties provide assistance to the Sudan and coordinate humanitarian relief.