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For the first time in 30 years, the 2020 Human Development Index includes carbon emissions in the assessment.

For the first time in 30 years, the 2020 Human Development Index includes carbon emissions in the assessment.

Two men pass through the Indian Gate in the haze on November 13, 2019, in New Delhi, India. ( Xinhua News Agency)

According to the report of Zee News Network on December 17, India’s human development index measures the health, education and living standards of a country and region.

The latest Human Development Index report of the United Nations Development Programme, on the occasion of the 30th anniversary of the launch of the index, includes two new measures of carbon dioxide emissions and material footprint for the first time. It calls on all countries to redesign their development paths, take into account the damage caused by human activities to the earth’s environment and address the obstacles to change. Unequal rights and opportunities.

UNDP said that after joining the new target, more than 50 countries and regions have fallen out of the ranks of “high level of development” due to their high dependence on fossil fuels and material footprints, but countries such as Costa Rica, Moldova and Panama have made outstanding achievements in environmental protection, all ranked more than 30 major Increase.

According to the Human Development Index Report 2020, Norway topped the list, followed by Ireland, Switzerland, Hong Kong, China and Iceland. India, Bhutan (129), Bangladesh (133), Nepal (142) and Pakistan (154) are among the countries and regions with medium-sized human development.

The report said that from Colombia to India, there is evidence that financial security and land ownership can improve women’s security and reduce the risk of gender-based violence, and it is obvious that land ownership can empower women.

The report further points out that indigenous children in Cambodia, India and Thailand show more malnutrition-related problems, such as stunting and wasting.

UNDP Administrator Ahim Steiner said: “The report shows that no place in the world can achieve a high level of human development without causing great pressure on the environment…

At present, the influence of mankind on the earth is unprecedentedly strong, amid the coronavirus epidemic, record high temperatures and no In a time of worsening equality, we should use this influence to redefine what development and progress are, so that the costs of the carbon footprint and consumption footprint are no longer obscured… This will be a new frontier of human development.”

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